for over thirty years, jenny holzer has presented her astringent ideas, arguments, and sorrows in public places and international exhibitions, including 7 world trade center, the reichstag, the venice biennale, the guggenheim museums in new york and bilbao, and the whitney museum of american art. her medium, whether formulated as a t-shirt, as a plaque, or as an led sign, is writing, and the public dimension is integral to the delivery of her work. starting in the 1970s with the new york city posters, and up to her recent light projections on landscape and architecture, her practice has rivaled ignorance and violence with humor, kindness, and moral courage. holzer received the leone d'oro at the venice biennale in 1990 and the public art network award in 2004. she holds honorary degrees from ohio university, williams college, the rhode island school of design, the new school, and smith college. holzer lives and works in new york.