pacific 231 is a project by pierre jolivet. it came into existence in the early 1980s and belonged to the first wave of industrial groups. early albums were released by le syndicat, cause and effect, and bunker records. invaluable assistance in due time was given by psyclones with whom pierre recorded a couple of albums under the psy 231 moniker, and released on their label ladd-frith. other notable releases include palestine in collaboration with rapoon and cthulhu revisited with vox populi! on monochrome vision. since 2010, he has become a jury member for the prestigious luigi russolo award.